In the previous article, we introduced the basic concepts of Cypress and how to use it for automated testing. In this article, we will take a step further and discuss some advanced features and techniques that can help you write more robust and efficient tests.

Custom Commands

Custom commands are a powerful feature of Cypress that allows you to define your own commands, which can be used in your tests. This can be helpful for reducing code duplication and increasing the readability of your tests. To create a custom command, you need to define it in the cypress/support/commands.js file.

For example, if you find yourself repeatedly typing cy.get('input[type="text"]').type('test'), you could define a custom command like this:

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Then you can use this command in your tests like this:

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Using Fixtures

Fixtures are a way to load external data into your tests. This can be helpful for testing scenarios where you need to use specific data, such as login credentials or product information. Fixtures can be defined in JSON, CSV, or any other format that can be parsed by JavaScript.

To use a fixture, you first need to define it in the cypress/fixtures folder. Then you can load it in your test like this:

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Mocking allows you to simulate different scenarios and responses from external services or APIs. This can be helpful for testing error handling or edge cases that may be difficult to reproduce otherwise. Cypress provides built-in support for mocking with the cy.route() command.

For example, you could mock a response from an API like this:

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This will intercept any GET requests to /api/user and respond with { name: 'John Doe' }.

Cypress Plugins

Cypress plugins are a powerful way to extend the functionality of Cypress. Plugins can be used to add new commands, customize the test runner, or integrate with third-party services.

To create a plugin, you need to define it in the cypress/plugins/index.js file. Here is an example of a plugin that adds a custom command to log in with a predefined username and password:

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The on function is used to define tasks and event listeners for the plugin. In this example, we define a task called login that takes a username and password as arguments and returns a Promise that resolves when the login is successful.

To use this plugin in your tests, you can call the cy.task() command:

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Visual Testing

Visual testing is a technique that allows you to compare screenshots of your application to identify visual differences between versions. Cypress provides built-in support for visual testing with the cy.screenshot() command.

To perform visual testing, you can take a screenshot of a page and compare it to a reference screenshot. Here is an example of how to do this:

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The compareSnapshot command will compare the current screenshot to the reference screenshot and generate a diff image if there are any differences.

Performance Testing

Performance testing is the process of evaluating the speed and efficiency of your application. Cypress provides built-in support for performance testing with the cy.clock() and cy.tick() commands.

To perform performance testing, you can use the cy.clock() command to mock time and measure the time it takes for specific actions to complete. Here is an example of how to measure the time it takes for a button click to complete:

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The clock object provides information about the elapsed time, which you can use to make assertions about the performance of your application.


In conclusion, Cypress is a powerful automation testing tool that provides a rich API and a reliable testing environment. Mastering the basics of Cypress can help you write high-quality test code faster, and ensure the reliability and stability of your tests.

When using Cypress for automated testing, it is recommended to follow the following best practices:

  • Write repeatable test cases to ensure consistency and reliability.
  • Use explicit assertions to provide detailed error messages when tests fail.
  • Ensure test maintainability by avoiding direct manipulation of the DOM.
  • Write concise test code to make it easy to understand and maintain.
  • Integrate your test code with your version control system to track changes and collaborate on development.

Finally, we hope this article has helped you gain a deeper understanding of Cypress and improve your automation testing skills. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to contact us.